Assassination of Archduke Ferdinand becomes the prelude to World War I

28 June 2014

From Wikipedia:

On 28 June 1914, Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austriaheir presumptive to the Austro-Hungarian throne, and his wife, Sophie, Duchess of Hohenberg, were shot dead in Sarajevo by Gavrilo Princip, one of a group of six assassins (five Serbs and one Bosnian Muslim) coordinated by Danilo Ilić. The political objective of the assassination was to break off Austria-Hungary’s south-Slav provinces so they could be combined into a Yugoslavia. The assassins’ motives were consistent with the movement that later became known as Young Bosnia. The assassination led directly to the First World War when Austria-Hungary subsequently issued an ultimatum against Serbia, which was partially rejected. Austria-Hungary then declared war, marking the outbreak of the war.

On top of these Serbian military conspirators was Chief of Serbian Military Intelligence Dragutin Dimitrijević, his righthand man Major Vojislav Tankosić, and the spy Rade Malobabić. Major Tankosić armed the assassins with bombs and pistols and trained them. The assassins were given access to the same clandestine network of safe-houses and agents that Rade Malobabić used for the infiltration of weapons and operatives into Austria-Hungary.

The assassins, the key members of the clandestine network, and the key Serbian military conspirators who were still alive were arrested, tried, convicted and punished. Those who were arrested in Bosnia were tried in Sarajevo in October 1914. The other conspirators were arrested and tried before a Serbian kangaroo court on the French-controlled Salonika Front in 1916–1917 on unrelated false charges; Serbia executed three of the top military conspirators. Much of what is known about the assassinations comes from these two trials and related records.

 

 

The assassination as illustrated by Achille Beltrame of the Italian newspaper Domenica del Corriere, 12 July 1914.

The assassination as illustrated by Achille Beltrame of the Italian newspaper Domenica del Corriere, 12 July 1914.

 

 
Assassination of Archduke Ferdinand becomes the prelude to World War I

Assassination of Archduke Ferdinand becomes the prelude to World War I. Portion of funeral procession of Archduke Ferdinand.

Newspaper headline declares Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria and his wife Countess Sophie’s assassination by a Bosnian youth in Sarajevo. The Archduke’s bullet ridden uniform. The caskets carrying the bodies of the Archduke and his wife are taken to Vienna. The caskets wrapped in the Austrian flag at the port. Officers and soldiers salute in their honor. Priests lead the funeral procession followed by the caskets brought in horse carriages. Various New York newspaper headlines depicting beginning of World War I: Austria declares war on Serbia, Russia mobilizes against Austria, Germany declares war on Russia, France and England declare war on the Central Powers. Berlin: A large crowd gathered on the streets of Berlin. German troops and band march on the streets. Crowd greets the soldiers. Location: Europe. Date: July 1914.



 
Assassination and funeral of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, of Austria, and his wife

Assassination and funeral of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, of Austria, and his wife, Sophie, Duchess of Hohenberg

Portrait of Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife, Sophie, Duchess of Hohenberg, who were assassinated June 28, 1914. Crowd at Franz Joseph Street in Sarajevo. The last residence of the royal couple, in Bad Ilidze, near Sarajevo. Trees, plants and fountain at the park. Arrival of the ship, “Viribus Unitis,” on July 1, 1914 to transport the bodies of the Archduke and Duchess back to Austria. Austrian seamen carry coffins of the Archduke and Duchess to the pier. They place it on a platform. Priests stand near coffins and Austrian officers salute. Horse carriage, soldiers, officers and priests walk in funeral procession to railroad station in Trieste, where the coffins of the Royal couple are transferred for transport home to Vienna. View of Castello Miramare, on the water, in Trieste. Funeral procession with automobiles in Vienna. Views of Castle Artstetten in Austria, the final resting place of the Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife, Sophie,Duchess of Hohenberg, laid to rest there on July 4, 1914. Location: Austria. Date: July 1, 1914.



From The New York Times, the headlines of 29 June 1914:

ARCHDUKE FRANCIS FERDINAND AND HIS CONSORT, THE DUCHESS OF HOHENBERG, ARE ASSASSINATED WHILE DRIVING THROUGH STREETS OF SARAJEVO, BOSNIA
ASSASSINATION WAS CLEARLY OUTCOME OF DEEP-LAID PLOT.
MEDICAL ASSISTANCE PROVES OF NO AVAIL.
New Heir-Apparent Is a Great Favorite of the Emperor
THE MURDERED COUPLE DRIVING TOGETHER.
Eyewitness Describes Bomb-throwing.
MANY PEOPLE, IT SEEMS, ARE CONCERNED IN PLOT.
Would Not Modify Programme.
Archduke’s Last Speech.
Bomb Said to Be from Belgrade.
EMPEROR BURSTS INTO TEARS ON HEARING NEWS.
BRITISH ROYAL FAMILY IS GREATLY SHOCKED BY NEWS.
TRAGEDIES OF THE HOUSE OF HAPSBURG.
THE CALIFORNIA GOES ASHORE NEAR TORY ISLAND.
The California’s Passengers.
GIFT FOR POLAR EXPEDITION.
Archduke Francis Ferdinand’s Career The Tragedies of the Hapsburg Family
KAISER IS SHOCKED WHEN NEWS REACHES KIEL
STRANGE FATALITY HAS PURSUED HAPSBURG FAMILY
BELGRADE SHOCKED BY NEWS OF ASSASSINATION.
NEWS CREATES PROFOUND SENSATION AT CARLSBAD.
Cable and Telegraphic News London Society Sports Finance
EXPOSURE OF “BIG BUSINESS” IN MEXICO MAKES SENSATION.
DISTINCTIVE CREATIONS.
ITALY MAY REVERSE POLICY.
BREST EXPRESS DERAILED.
JAPAN MAY BOYCOTT SAN FRANCISCO FAIR
AMERICAN IS SHOCKED BY THE MORALS OF PARIS.
COURT AND SOCIETY NEWS FROM ENGLAND
LYONS EXHIBITION.
AMERICAN OARSMEN FIT.
INVITATION.
MODEL AEROPLANES COMPETE.
THE SEASON AT VICHY.
LONDONERS TO SEE MANY BIG FIGHTS
Johnson’s Success Was Anticipated.
WALL STREET LOOKS FOR BETTER MARKET
Buying Increases in London.
TONE ON PARIS BOURSE STILL REMAINS DEPRESSED.
ANOTHER ONE DISSATISFIED.
In the United States.
In the British Isles.
CROSS-CHANNEL PASSAGES.
Smooth Crossings Are Predicted for To-day Both at Boulogne and Dover.
At Calais.
At Dover.
From Centigrade to Fahrenheit.
THE TRAGEDY AT SARAJEVO.
THE GRAND PRIX.
JAPAN AND THE SAN FRANCISCO FAIR.
YACHT MOVEMENTS.
The Iolanda Passes Elsinore.
The Dalga II. at Gibraltar.
The Queen Mab Passes Prawle Point.
MY PERFECT WIFE.
PERSONAL INTELLIGENCE.
IN THE FRENCH PROVINCES.
IN THE UNITED KINGDOM.
AUSTRIA.
GERMANY.
ITALY.
SWITZERLAND.
AMERICA.
THEATRICAL GOSSIP IN PARIS AND LONDON
London Theatrical Notes.
NOTES FROM MARIENBAD.
MANY AMERICAN VISITORS SEE RACE FOR GRAND PRIX
ACCIDENT TO BOAT EXPRESS.
EN AUTO
YACHTS EN CROISIERE.
A COWES.
ART ET CURIOSITE.
NECROLOGIE.
PARIS SOCIETY
La Saison parisienne s’est terminee dans une Apotheose en la Journee du Grand Prix, fleurie d’Elegance feminine
UN MOT SUR LA MODE.
CAUSERIE DU LUNDI, PAR M. PIERRE VEBER
LES EXPOSITIONS RUE DROUOT.
DU SABOTAGE!
Compte rendu technique.
French Racing Notes.
Ariel Wins German Derby.
ENGLISH RACING NOTES.
NOTES FROM LUCERNE.
NOTES FROM ROTTERDAM.

 

 
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There are more images at the NYT link above.
 

 

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